SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: astroarchaeology CATEGORY: branch DEFINITION: The study of the relationship between prehistoric knowledge of astronomical events through calendars, observatory sites, and astronomical images in art and past cultural behavior.
The field includes the study of mathematical correlations between archaeological features and the movements of celestial bodies.
He considered that the flattened head was caused by repeated powerful blows (his examination was done pre Darwinism 1859).
When more finds came to light with what also appeared to be rickets, it was considered far too much of a coincidence and for lack of any other explanation they became relegated to a sub-human category.
An excavation site or "dig" is a site being studied.
The "theories of the Earth" of the 17th century proposed mechanisms based on natural laws, within a timescale set by the biblical chronology.
Computer science and mathematics are used to elaborate the means for transforming simple descriptions of archaeological data into cultural, economic, and social reconstructions of earlier societies.
This type of research is attempts to provide archaeology with a theoretical framework based on scientific method.
Excavation involves the recovery of several types of data from a site.
These data include artifacts (objects made or modified by humans), features (modifications to the site itself such as post molds, burials, and hearths), ecofacts (evidence for the local environment and resources being used such as snail shells, seeds, and butchered bones) and, most importantly, archaeological context (relationships among the other types of data).